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C03 - Reference management in bilingual narratives

Our project C03 examines variation in the encoding of prominence by analyzing the production of referring expressions in discourse by bilingual children. We focus on two aspects of this variation. On the one hand, different bilingual profiles in terms of language and literacy exposure have a varying impact on bilinguals' cognitive and linguistic skills (executive functions, theory of mind, metalinguistic awareness, etc.). On the other hand, different language combinations (English-Greek, English-Italian, Greek-Italian) give rise to diverse patterns of cross-linguistic influence between the two bilinguals' languages. The aim of this project is to show how both aspects of variation are reflected in individual strategies of reference production. As a central assumption, prominence serves as a guiding and unifying principle to which any kind of variation in reference management can be attributed.

See list of publications



Prof. Dr. Christiane Bongartz

Principal Investigator C03

Office: Philosophikum, room 1.007
E-mail: chris.bongartz(at)
Phone: (+49) 221 470-6209
Web: Prof. Dr. Christiane Bongartz


Prof. Dr. Jacopo Torregrossa

Principal Investigator C03

Office: Goethe University Frankfurt, Institut für Romanische Sprachen und Literaturen, IG 5.155
E-mail: Torregrossa(at)
Phone: (+49) 69 798-32186
Web: Prof. Dr. Jacopo Torregrossa


Dr. Maria Andreou

Postdoc C03

Office: SFB, Luxemburger Str. 299, room 3.06
E-mail: mandreou(at)
Phone: (+49) 221 470-89917
Web: Dr. Maria Andreou


Vasileia Skrimpa

Doctoral student C03

Office: Luxemburger Str. 299, room 3.12
E-mail: vskrimp1(at)
Phone: (+49) 221 470-899
Web: Vasileia Skrimpa


Nassiba Bouzardaoui

Student assistant C03

Büro: Luxemburger Str. 299
E-Mail: nbouzar1(at)
Homepage: Nassiba Bouzardaoui


To appear

  • Andreou, Maria. To appear. Language and cognitive aspects of child bilingualism: Research observations and classroom applications. Inquiries in Language Learning. Peter Lang.
  • Andreou, Maria, Jacopo Torregrossa & Christiane Bongartz. To appear. The use of null subjects by Greek-Italian bilingual children: Identifying cross-linguistic effects. In G. Fotiadou & I. Tsimpli (eds.), Individual differences in anaphora resolution: Language and cognitive effects. Amsterdam: John Benjamins.
  • Andreou, Maria, Jacopo Torregrossa & Christiane Bongartz. To appear. The sharing of reference strategies across two languages: The production and comprehension of referring expressions by Greek-Italian bilingual children. Discours.
  • Torregrossa, Jacopo & Christiane M. Bongartz. To appear. Activation of referents in the bilingual mind. In G. Fotiadou and I. Tsimpli (eds.), Individual differences in anaphora resolution: Language and cognitive effects. Amsterdam: John Benjamins.





  • Andreou, Maria & Ianthi Tsimpli. 2017. Aspectual distinctions in the narratives of bilingual children. International Review of Applied Linguistics in Language Teaching 55(3). 305-324. Special Issue: Tense, Aspect and Modality in L2. Guest Editors: K. McManus, N. Vanek, L. Roberts & P. Leclercq. pdf
  • Bongartz, Christiane & Jacopo Torregrossa. 2017. The effects of balanced biliteracy on Greek-German bilingual children's secondary discourse ability. Journal of Bilingual Education and Bilingualism. 1-16. pdf
  • Torregrossa, Jacopo. 2017. The role of executive functions in the acquisition of reference: The production of demonstrative pronouns by German monolingual children. In Language Acquisition at the Interfaces: Proceedings of GALA (Generative Approaches to Language Acquisition) 2015, 318-331. Newcastle upon Tyne: Cambridge Scholars Publishing. pdf

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