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B03 - Agent prominence and the diachrony of predication in Indo-Aryan

We will study the role of agent prominence in the initial phase of the development of Old Indic participial forms into main clause nuclei. We will trace both present active participles and resultative ta-forms in their development from a very 'nominal' functional range into full-fledged main clause predicators. Our study will involve data collection and annotation according to selected semantic and syntactic criteria targeted at the interplay of verb semantics and the role of A- and O-arguments.

See list of publications



Prof. Dr. Gerrit J. Dimmendaal

Principal Investigator B02 and B03

Office: Afrikanistik, Meister-Ekkehart-Straße 7
E-mail: gerrit.dimmendaal(at)
Phone: (+49) 221 470-5762
Web: Prof. Dr. Gerrit J. Dimmendaal


Prof. Dr. Uta Reinöhl

Principal Investigator B03

Office: Allgemeine Sprachwissenschaft
E-mail: uta.reinoehl(at)
Phone: (+49) 221 470-5693
Web: Prof. Dr. Uta Reinöhl


Dr. Antje Casaretto

Postdoc B03

Office: SFB, Luxemburger Str. 299, room 2.10
E-mail: antje.casaretto(at)
Phone: (+49) 221 470-89906
Web: Antje Casaretto


Simon Fries

Student assistant B03

Office: SFB, Luxemburger Str. 299, room 2.10
E-mail: sfries1(at)
Phone: (+49) 221 470-89906

List of publications

In print

  • Casaretto, Antje. In print. Präpositionale Rektionskomposita im Gotischen. In: Michiel de Vaan & Nathalie Rousseau (eds). Aux frontières de la compositoin et de la dérivation - les composés «hypostatiques» dans les langues indo-européennes. Colloque International, 12-14 Septembre 2018. 
  • Casaretto, Antje, Gerrit J. Dimmendaal, Birgit Hellwig, Uta Reinöhl & Gertrud Schneider-Blum. Accepted. Roots of ergativity in Africa (and beyond). Studies in African Linguistics.
  • Dimmendaal, Gerrit J. In print. Comparative linguistics and language change in accretion zones: A view from the Nuba Mountains. In Na’ama Pat-El, Patience Epps and Danny Law (eds.), Historical Linguistics and Endangered Languages: Exploring diversity in language change. London: Routledge.
  • Kölligan, Daniel, Claes Neuefeind, Börge Kiss, Francisco Mondaca, Uta Reinöhl & Patrick Sahle. To apear. VedaWeb – on the Role of Annotations in Analyzing Ancient Indo-Aryan Texts. Proceedings of the Historical Corpora and Variation Conference (HiCoV). Cagliari, Italy. 
  • Reinöhl, Uta. To appear. Continuous and discontinuous nominal expressions in flexible (or “free") word order languages – Patterns and correlates. To appear in Linguistic Typology 24(1).
  • Reinöhl, Uta. To appear. What are and what aren’t complex nominal expressions in flexible word-order languages. To appear in STUF – Language Typology and Universals 73(1).


  • Dimmendaal, Gerrit J., Colleen Ahland, Angelika Jakobi, and Constance Kutsch Lojenga. 2019. Linguistic features and typologies in languages commonly referred to as ‘Nilo-Saharan’. In Ekkehard Wolff (ed.), Cambridge Handbook of African Languages, 326-381. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
  • Kiss, Börge, Daniel Kölligan, Francisco Mondaca, Claes Neuefeind, Uta Reinöhl & Patrick Sahle. 2019. It takes a village: Co-developing VedaWeb, a Digital Research Platform for Old Indo-Aryan Texts. In Steven Krauwer & Darja Fišer (eds.), Twin Talks: Understanding Collaboration in DH. Fourth Digital Humanities Conference in the Nordic Countries 2019 (DHN2019),35-44. pdf


  • Dimmendaal, Gerrit J. 2018. On stable and unstable features in Nilo-Saharan. In Helga Schröder and Prisca Jerono (eds.), Nilo-Saharan Issues and Perspectives, 9-23. Cologne: Rüdiger Köppe.
  • Reinöhl, Uta. 2018. Review of Eystein Dahl & Krzysztof Stroński (Eds.). 2016. Indo-Aryan Ergativity in Typological and Diachronic PerspectiveJournal of South Asian Languages and Linguistics 5(1): 111–21. pdf
  • Reinöhl, Uta & Antje Casaretto. 2018. When grammaticalization does NOT occur - Prosody-syntax mismatches in Indo-Aryan. Diachronica 35(2). 238-276. pdf